Birth control helps to prevent pregnancies, and men and women can use them. The different types of birth control options that are safe and available include: birth control pills, IUDs, vasectomy, condoms, etc.
Choosing a suitable birth control method can be difficult, but it works best if you understand your body to know what works best for you. If you are sexually active and want to prevent getting pregnant, you must consider the available birth control options.
The most important thing to note is that birth control options only help to prevent pregnancies; they do not prevent STDs and are mostly 99.9% safe.
What Is a Birth Control?
Birth control or contraceptive is a method, medicine or device used to prevent pregnancy. There are different types of birth control options, and you can decide to learn which one works best for you. If you’re sexually active, the best advice would be to use a birth control once you start having sex. This helps prevent unwanted pregnancy when you have unprotected sex with your partner.
The best type of birth control to use depends on your medical history, your desire to have a child, and your need to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
What Are The Best Types of Birth Control Options?
You can choose your preferred birth control type from a wide range of options. Some birth control options are long-acting while some others are short-acting. There are also some birth control options called barrier method like emergency pills and condoms. The best birth control options widely available in Nigeria are:
Almost all birth control options are 99.9% trusted, abstinence method is an option that is 100% safe, trusted and guaranteed. Abstinence is also the best way to get secured against sexually transmitted diseases. The decision to have sex is one you should take for yourself as an adult. You have total control over your body, and you should never allow anyone pressure you into having sex when you’re not ready. Sexual intercourse is best enjoyed when it is consensual and you are ready.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped device inserted into a woman’s uterus or womb. After a thorough pelvic examination, the IUD is inserted into the uterus through the cervix by a medical expert. They are safe to remove, easy to insert and 99.9% reliable. The two types of IUDs are:
An IUD made of copper
A copper IUD can last up to 10 years. It can also serve as an emergency contraceptive if it is inserted into a woman’s womb 5 days after having unprotected sex. The most common brand of an IUD copper is ParaGard. The copper prevents the sperm from getting to the uterus, where the egg is thereby preventing fertilization. However, copper IUDs maybe painful and can cause painful menstrual periods in some women.
An IUD made of plastic
Plastic IUDs are made of polyethylene. Plastic IUDs can stay implanted in a woman’s uterus for 3-10 years while still working effectively. The T-shaped plastic frame is inserted into the uterus where it releases a type of hormone progestine. Kyleena and Mirena are two popular brands that produce plastic IUDs. Kyleena stays 98.5% effective even after 5 years, while Mirena works up to 99% the same years.
Vasectomy or Male Sterilization
A vasectomy is a simple and permanent sterilization process for men. The process is performed in a medical professional’s office (an Urologist). The simple process involves cutting and sealing the vans deferens (the duct that conveys the sperm from the testicle to the urethra. Getting a vasectomy prevents sperm from leaving a man’s testes. However, the process does not stop a man from ejaculating or ‘cumming.’ The whitish fluid after orgasm will still come out, but it won’t contain any sperm.
The vasectomy procedure is usually painless (thanks to anesthesia), and the patient can also be awake during the process. The Urologist makes a small incision in the upper part of the scrotum; the vans deferens are then tied off and cut apart. The small incision is stitched close and the process is over.
Vasectomy is a long-acting birth control option, 99.9% effective and reversible; however it does not protect against STDs.
Condoms are birth control options that men and women can use. They are 99.9% safe and can prevent you from contracting some sexually transmitted diseases.
A male condom is worn by carefully rolling it onto a fully erect penis, before sexual intercourse. The condom stops the semen from entering the female’s reproductive organ. Male condoms are made of latex, easy to use, affordable and can only be used once per intercourse.
Female condoms on the other hand can be used several times and are mostly made from non-latex- polyurethane.
Female Sterilization or Tubal Ligation
Tubal Ligation is a surgery to ‘tie’ a woman’s fallopian tubes. This process is long-acting, reversible and prevents the egg’s transport to the uterus. The process also prevents a man’s sperm from getting to the fallopian tube and to the ovary, where fertilization happens.
A Gynecologist performs tubal ligation in a Hospital while the patient is made to sleep from anesthesia. Two minor cuts are made in the abdomen, while a small telescope-like device on a flexible tube (laparoscope) is inserted in. The fallopian tubes are sealed through the laparoscope, and the skin cut is stitched back together.
Tubal Ligation is 100% safe and recommended; however it does not prevent women from contracting STDs.
Progestin Arm Implant
Progestin arm implant is a birth control option where a single rod of hormone is placed under the skin of the upper arm by an expert. This rod is usually the size of a matchstick and it is placed directly under the skin. It is highly recommended for women and can last effectively for up to 3 years.
It is a 99.9% effective procedure and also reversible. The most common side effects of this birth control option are irregular menstrual bleeding and weight gain for some women. An expert can remove the rod anytime the carrier wants it gone. The most common brand of this arm implant is Nexplanon, which has to be placed by a medical expert.
Hormonal Contraception (birth control pills, vaginal rings)
Hormonal contraception are called barrier methods, they are are also short-acting birth control options. They include birth control pills (Postinor or Post pill) , birth control patches or vaginal rings. The birth control pill is taken daily, the vaginal ring is used once in a month, while the patch is changed weekly.
The hormonal contraceptive options are only 99% safe and effective if used properly. However the most common type of hormonal contraceptive in Nigeria are birth control pills. You can order your birth control pills from our online pharmacy once you have our mobile app installed on your phone.
Some side effects of birth control pills are nausea, tender breasts, irregular menstrual periods, severe cramps and headaches.
Deciding to use a birth control option from the ones listed above is a personal choice. You need to decide what you want when it comes to preventing pregnancies, also it is best to consult your Doctor before using a method. You can buy some of the best birth control options from our in-app online pharmacy, by downloading our mobile app. You can also opt to speak to a medical expert concerning conceiving and contraceptives. Remember, that DRO Health cares for you.